On November 25, 2021, in Nur-Sultan, Kazakhstan, a Meeting of the Working Group on Preparation to the Seventh Meeting of the Interministerial Coordination Council to the National Dialogue on Water Policy (NPD) was held. The meeting was organized with the participation of representatives of state bodies of Kazakhstan, expert community and international organizations.
The working group discussed current water economy problems in Kazakhstan, in particular, the safe operation of hydraulic structures, a regional agreement on the safety of dams in Central Asia, Kazakhstan's participation in global water activities, as well as problems of water accounting and water conservation in irrigated areas.
Based on the results of the discussion of these issues, the Working Group developed proposals and measures to solve the discussed problems, which will be included in the future NPD Work Plan for 2022-2023. The work plan is planned for adoption at the next meeting of the Interministerial Coordination Council of the NPD early next year.
National Dialogues on Water Policy have been held in Kazakhstan since 2012 with the support of the European Union, the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) and the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). The dialogue serves as a platform for discussion and search for solutions to pressing problems in the field of water resources management in Kazakhstan.
The meeting was organized by the Ministry of Ecology, Geology and Natural Resources of the Republic of Kazakhstan with financial support from the EU and with technical assistance from UNECE and the International Water Assessment Center (IWAC).
The Twelfth Meeting of the Task Force on Target Setting and Reporting under the Protocol on Water and Health of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) - Regional Office for Europe of the World Health Organization (WHO) took place on November 17, 2021.
The meeting was organized to discuss the future Program of Work of the Protocol for 2023-25, review the progress of countries in meeting the targets under the Protocol, launch the fifth reporting cycle under the Protocol and discuss the necessary preparations in the context of the 2030 Agenda and the COVID-19 pandemic.
The meeting was attended by over 50 people, including representatives of government agencies responsible for health, water management and the development of transboundary cooperation in the UNECE region, experts involved in these areas and representatives of international organizations.
At the opening of the meeting, a welcoming speech was made by the Chairperson of the meeting, Ms. Avilo Okieng Pernet. She highlighted the main objectives of the meeting, as well as the objectives and milestones for reporting to the sixth session of the Meeting of the Parties (MOP6), scheduled to be held in Geneva from 16 to 18 November 2022.
Presentations at the meeting were made by Ms Elena Costa, Portugal, Mr Oliver Schmoll, WHO, Mr Frederico Propenzi, UN - Water, Ms Shini Enchtsetag, WHO and Mr Avilo Okieng Pernet, Switzerland. Delegates highlighted the progress made in 2021 in setting and revising targets under the Protocol. Presentations focused on, which targets have been set, including targets related to COVID-19, and how these targets relate to WHO guidelines and recommendations, relevant EU Directives and/or targets for sustainable development. Delegates also shared information on the progress made towards achieving their targets and their respective impact at the national level.
Further, the Task Force discussed the preparatory activities and the agenda for the fifth reporting cycle under the Protocol in accordance with its article 7, which will take place prior to the start of MOP6. In particular, delegates reviewed the reporting guidelines and the various requirements and sections of the reporting template to make the process more useful for communicating current and new challenges at the national level, and to demonstrate progress and best practices. After that, the delegates spoke about their plans for the future, focusing separately on those events that could not be carried out. As a result of the meeting, an integrative dialogue took place, where those who wished could ask their questions of the delegates. The discussion centered on challenges related to the implementation of the Protocol, the existing thematic structure of the current work program, and a proposal for a future work program.
Overall, the Task Force meeting provided an opportunity to discuss current challenges in implementing the Protocol and prioritize the next work program to improve public health preparedness, response to and recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic.
26th UN Climate Change Conference of the Parties (COP26) The COP 26 UN Climate Change Conference, hosted by the UK in partnership with Italy, took place from 31 October to 12 November 2021 in the Scottish Event Campus (SEC) in Glasgow, UK.
Representatives from more than 190 countries including world leaders and tens of thousands of negotiators, along with members of the press and observer organisations, attended this event. In the first week of the summit government officials discussed technical issues including
carbon credits, funding for countries vulnerable to climate change and nature-based solutions. The second week covered topics including gender, transport and the practical solutions needed to adapt to climate impacts. There were two main sites for the event: the Blue Zone and
the Green Zone. The former is where the official negotiations took place, bringing together the delegates and observers through discussions, exhibits and cultural activities. The Green Zone was designed to be a platform for the public, artists, academics, and more to encourage
grassroots participation and promote conversations around climate change. The first-ever Water & Climate Pavilion at COP26 was located in the Blue Zone. It was a main platform at COP26 to elevate the voices of the water community on the role of water in meeting the goals of
the Paris Agreement and to support ambitious climate action. The UNECE Water Convention Secretariat has been involved in several sessions at the Water & Climate Pavilion and also contributed to the Water Action Event, which was part of the COP26 official programme. These
- highlighted the demands of state and non-state actors for more ambitious water action and showcased how they are accelerating climate change mitigation and adaptation through concrete water action,
- presented case studies of Nature-based Solutions that were implemented because of their climate change adaptation benefits,
- and demonstrated how climate pledges in the water sector translate into concrete steps by the private sector, civil society, youth, indigenous peoples and local communities, contributing to Race to Zero, Race to Resilience and country-led action under the Paris Agreement.
Follow the link to watch these sessions online: https://www.waterforclimate.net/
The Training Workshop on the exchange of experience between the Slovak Republic and Central Asian countries in the field of hydrometeorological services was held in the videoconference mode from 10 to 11 November, 2021.
The aim of the training workshop was to assist the Central Asian countries in studying the European experience in the field of water resources monitoring.
The training was organized by the International Water Assessment Center (IWAC) in cooperation with the European Union – Central Asia Water, Environment and Climate Change Cooperation (WECOOP) project funded by the EU.
Specialists from Slovak state enterprises and private companies operating in the field of hydrometeorological services (Slovak Hydrometeorological Institute, State enterprise Vodohospodarska vystavba, Microstep-MIS, etc.), as well as specialists from hydrometeorological services and state bodies of Central Asian countries, representatives from international organizations and experts in the field of water resource protection and use took participation at the workshop (50 people in total).
Slovak specialists introduced the participants of the training to European experience in collecting, processing, and transmitting data and information on monitoring of surface and underground water resources, modern hydrological forecasting technologies, as well as experience with automated hydrological complexes and regional numerical models.
Participants at the training also discussed the prospects for further developing collaboration in the field of hydrometeorological services.
From 19 to 20 October 2021, the Central Asian Subregional Preparatory Conference for the 9th World Water Forum “Water Security for Peace and Development” was held in Dushanbe, Tajikistan.
The conference was organized with the aim of forming and agreeing on a regional agenda for the 9th World Water Forum (March 22-26, 2022) according to the most important issues for Central Asia. It also aimed to promote the implementation of the International Decade for Action 2018-2028 “Water for Sustainable Development”.
The Conference was attended by representatives of government agencies, water management organizations and other interested departments of Central Asian countries, international and regional organizations, non-governmental institutions and other experts. The Conference was organized by the IFAS Executive Committee with the support of the Government of Tajikistan and other donors.
During the event, reports were presented on priority issues of transboundary water cooperation, provision of clean water and sanitation, the relationship of water, energy, food and the environment, adaptation to climate change and financing of the water sector.
At the end of the Conference, the Organizing Committee announced information on the preparation of the final document of the Conference with comments and suggestions from the participants of the event, which will act as the main position of the Central Asian countries at the 9th World Water Forum in Dakar in 2022.
From 4 to 5 October 2021, the tenth meeting of the European Union - Central Asia Working group on Environment and Climate Change (WGECC) was held.
The meeting was organized with the aim of taking stock and presenting updated information on the progress of regional cooperation between the European Union (EU) and Central Asia in the field of environment and climate change. The meeting was attended by over 80 people, including representatives of government agencies responsible for environmental protection and environmental policy of Central Asian countries, national experts, representatives of EU organizations, international and regional organizations, as well as non-governmental institutions.
The participants of the meeting discussed new opportunities for cooperation to ensure green recovery, considering the current situation in the EU and Central Asia. The discussion focused on the following four points: biodiversity, climate change, de-dependency of economic growth on increased pollution, and tools for sustainable recovery.
At the opening of the meeting, welcoming speeches were made by the EU Special Representative for Central Asia, Ambassador Ms. Terhi Hakala, Vice Minister of Ecology, Geology and Natural Resources of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Mr. Akhmetzhan Primkulov, Director for Global Sustainable Development of the Directorate General for the Environment of the European Commission Ms Astrid Schomaker and Director General of the Ministry of Ecological Transition of Italy, Mr Oliviero Montanaro.
Vice Minister Akhmetzhan Primkulov noted the latest changes in the environmental and climate policy of the Republic of Kazakhstan and announced the country's aspiration to achieve carbon neutrality by 2060. In this regard, relevant instruments have been adopted, such as the new Environmental Code. At the same time, the Doctrine of achieving carbon neutrality of the Republic of Kazakhstan until 2060 is being considered at the development stage. He noted that it is necessary to pay special attention to green financing and the introduction of green technologies.
As a result of discussions at the WGECC meeting, two new topics were identified that can be included in the WECOOP work plan - water quality assessment at the regional level and environmentally friendly solutions to environmental problems.
Following the meeting, an interactive dialogue took place on decisions in the field of environmental policy and "green" recovery. Questions and comments of the participants related to water quality monitoring, strategies for transition to a "green" economy, problems of the Aral Sea, waste management and biodiversity.
In general, representatives of Central Asian countries, international and regional organizations, who took part in the meeting, highly appreciated the activities of the WGOSIC and stressed the need to continue cooperation between the EU and the countries of Central Asia, and also noted that the regional approach brings the best results.
September 29 - October 1, 2021 in Geneva, Switzerland, the Ninth Session of the Meeting of the Parties to the Convention on the Protection and Use of Transboundary Watercourses and International Lakes was held.
View of the room during the opening session
The session was the first major international event in the field of transboundary water cooperation organized in the context of the coronavirus crisis, with the participation of more than 500 people. It was attended by delegations from more than 90 countries, including representatives of ministries and departments responsible for water resources, the environment and transboundary water cooperation, as well as representatives of joint commissions, basin organizations, international and non-governmental organizations from different regions of the world. The meeting was organized by the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) in cooperation with the Government of Estonia at the UNECE headquarters in Geneva.
The session was organized in the form of a high-level segment and a general segment. The high-level segment on behalf of the chairing party of the Water Convention was opened by Ms. Zhanar Aitzhanova, Permanent Representative of the Republic of Kazakhstan to the United Nations Office in Geneva. At the opening of the meeting, welcoming speeches were made by Ms Kersti Kaljulaid - President of Estonia, Mr Antonio Guterres - UN Secretary General, Ms Olga Algayerova, UNECE Executive Secretary - UN Deputy Secretary General, Mr Tõnis Mölder - Minister of the Environment of Estonia, as well as Mr Serikkali Brekeshev - Minister of Ecology, Geology and Natural Resources of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
From left to right: Francesca Bernardini, UNECE; Harry Liiv, Estonia; Chairwoman Zhanar Aitzhanova, Kazakhstan; and Sonja Koppel, Secretary of the Water Convention
The main part of the session was the High-Level Special Session on Water and Peace, organized to discuss how the Water Convention and its implementation can help maintain peace and accelerate progress in addressing pending challenges in transboundary water cooperation. High-level representatives of countries from all regions of the world, international financial institutions and other stakeholders took part in the session with presentations. All participants in the session noted the importance of the relationship between water resources, climate change and peace, as well as the need for political will for effective transboundary cooperation.
On September 29, 2021, on the sidelines of a high-level special session, the Ministers of the Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Mauritania and Senegal signed a declaration on cooperation in the Senegal-Mauritania Aquifer Basin (SMAB), which provides for the establishment of a mechanism for coordinated aquifer management. The document will contribute to strengthening sustainable development and maintaining peace between the populations of the four countries in West Africa.
The Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Mauritania and Senegal signed a joint ministerial declaration to advance transboundary cooperation in the Senegal-Mauritanian Aquifer Basin (SMAB)
In the framework of the plenary sessions of the general segment, the participants considered various aspects of transboundary water cooperation, reflected in the Convention’s Programme of work for 2019-2021, such as the development of agreements in transboundary basins, equitable and sustainable distribution of water resources in a transboundary context, the benefits of transboundary cooperation, the relationship between water, food, energy and ecosystems, monitoring, assessment and data exchange, adaptation to climate change and financing of transboundary water cooperation. The second report on the implementation of the Water Convention and the results of the second reporting cycle on SDG indicator 6.5.2 were also considered.
As a result of the three-day work, the Meeting of the Parties to the Convention adopted a number of decisions to further implement the Convention and promote transboundary water cooperation, as well as approved a new Programme of Work for 2022-2024 aimed at supporting countries and basins around the world in strengthening cooperation on adaptation to climate change, applying a water-food-energy-ecosystems approach, etc.
The ninth session provided an opportunity for Kazakhstan to share the country's experience of cooperation in the field of protection and use of water resources in transboundary basins and to present the results of the chairmanship of the Bureau of the Convention.
In 2018, at the Eighth Session of the Meeting of the Parties to the Convention, Kazakhstan assumed the obligations of a chair country in the Bureau, the governing body of the Convention.
Over the past three years, Kazakhstan has provided significant assistance in the implementation of the Program of Work and the Strategy for the Implementation of the Convention. In particular, Kazakhstan supported the development of the Convention Handbook on water allocation in a transboundary context. In this regard, projects on “Sustainable water allocation in a transboundary context” and “Environmental flow - the basis for the conservation of the ecological systems” were initiated and implemented with the participation of experts from Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, as well as Afghanistan, Iran, China, Mongolia and Russia.
As part of the implementation of these projects, the study of the existing practices in the region, in particular on water allocation and environmental flow assessment issues in transboundary basins were made, scientific and methodological approaches in these areas, thematic examples of cooperation between countries in the field of protection and use of water, and proposals for the Water allocation Handbook were developed, reflecting the vision of Eurasian countries on these issues.
During the implementation of the projects, support was provided for one of three meetings on the preparation of the draft Handbook, planned in three regions of the world - Europe, Asia and Latin America with the participation of specialists and experts from water management, environmental and foreign policy departments of the countries.
The main results of the work on these projects have already become part of the Handbook, which will help riparian states to develop joint mechanisms for a fair, equitable and sustainable distribution of water resources in transboundary watercourses.
From left to right: Steffen Hansen, Global Environment Facility; Isabella Pagotto, Switzerland; Niels Vlanderen, Netherlands; Sonja Koppel, Secretary of the Water Convention; and Diane Guerrier, UNECE Secretariat
With the support of Kazakhstan, a number of regional events were also held for the countries of Central Asia on such issues as the safe management of hydraulic structures, the joint use of water and energy resources, etc.
As part of the chairmanship of the Bureau, Kazakhstan contributed to the globalization of the Convention, by appealing to countries of the world to join it. During this period, Ghana and Guinea-Bissau have acceded to the Convention, and a number of countries have started the accession procedure.
Since 2017, at the initiative of the Government of Kazakhstan, in the capital of our country, the city of Nur-Sultan, the Convention's cooperation center - the International Water Assessment Centre (IWAC), whose activities are funded by the Government of Kazakhstan, has been located.
In general, during the chairmanship, Kazakhstan has become a center of transboundary water cooperation not only for the countries of Central Asia, but also for Russia, China, Iran, Afghanistan and Mongolia. Specialists from Kazakhstan and other countries from the field of water management, the environment and other areas got the opportunity to participate in the implementation of international projects and improve their professional level.
The results achieved under the chairmanship are planned to be strengthened during the period of further participation of Kazakhstan in the Bureau of the Convention. At the Ninth Session, the representative of Estonia was elected as the Chair of the Bureau of the Convention, and the representative of Kazakhstan was elected as the Deputy Chair of the Bureau.
Further participation in the implementation of the Convention will help Kazakhstan to strengthen the country's institutional capacity in the field of transboundary water cooperation, as well as to draw on the experience of the Convention in addressing issues of use and protection of transboundary water resources in the region.
From left to right: Remy Kinna, United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE); Sonja Koppel, Secretary of the Water Convention; and Harry Liiv, Estonia
Serikkali Brekeshev, Minister of Ecology, Geology and Natural Resources of the Republic of Kazakhstan
Tõnis Mölder, Minister of the Environment, Estonia
Delegates conferring during a break
View of the dais during plenary
Serik Akhmetov, Director of the International Water Assessment Centre, Kazakhstan (online presentation)
Photo of Handbooks and new publications
View of the dais during the closing session
The 9th session of the Meeting of the Parties will be held from 29 September to 1 October 2021 as a hybrid meeting (Geneva and virtual), organized by UNECE in cooperation with Estonia.
The Meeting of the Parties is the supreme body of the Convention, whose main task is to monitor the implementation of the Convention and take measures necessary to achieve its objectives. The Meeting of the Parties is held every three years. Since the entry into force of the Convention, eight sessions of the Meeting of the Parties have taken place.
In October 2018, Kazakhstan hosted the Eighth Session of the Meeting of the Parties to the Convention in the city of Nur-Sultan. The meeting adopted the first Strategy for the implementation of the Convention at the global level, as well as an ambitious Programme of Work for 2019-2021, including new challenges for sustainable water resource management.
At this session, Kazakhstan assumed the obligations of its Chairmanship in the Bureau of the Convention, which is the governing body of the Convention that determines the main policy. The Chairmanship in the Bureau requires the host country to fulfill a number of commitments, namely, assistance in promoting the Convention at the global level, support for the execution of the Convention's Implementation Strategy and the implementation of the Programme of Work 2019-2021. In October 2021, during the Ninth Session of the Meeting of the Parties, Kazakhstan will hand over the chairmanship to the Estonian Bureau.
At the Ninth Session, the Meeting of the Parties will consider and take decisions on various aspects of transboundary water cooperation, including such issues as the development of basin agreements, sustainable allocation of water resources, water-food-energy-ecosystem relationship, monitoring, assessment and exchange of data, adaptation to climate change, financing of transboundary cooperation. The session will also review progress in the implementation of the Convention and adopt a Programme of Work for 2022-2024.
The ninth session of the Meeting of the Parties will be organized in plenary sessions, high-level segment, general segment and side events.
The high-level segment will be dedicated to the topic “Water and Peace”. It will provide a platform for dialogue on the role of water in sustainable development, regional integration, cooperation and security in transboundary basins.
High-level officials have been invited to participate in the high-level segment. The segment will be opened by Mr. Ardak Zebeshev, Chairman of the Bureau of the Convention and Chairman of the Investment Committee of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan. At the opening of the segment, statements were made by Ms. Kersti Kaljulaid, President of the Republic of Estonia, Mr. Serikkali Brekeshev, Minister of Ecology, Geology, and Natural Resources of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Mr. Antonio Guterres, Secretary General of the United Nations, Ms. Olga Algaerova, Executive Secretary UN Economic Commission for Europe - UN Deputy Secretary General.
Overall, more than 500 people are expected to attend the Ninth session of the Meeting of the Parties. Due to the ongoing Covid-19 pandemic situation, a limited number of participants will participate in the city of Geneva.
On 14 September 2021, the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) and the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) co-organized and conducted a webinar on the Launch of the 2nd Progress report on the indicator prepared in 2021 and discussion of concrete actions that can be taken to accelerate progress on transboundary water cooperation in support of the SDG 6.5 target.
The webinar has been attended by more than 200 participants from interested parties from different parts of the world, including Ministries responsible for water management, Ministries of foreign affairs and permanent missions, National statistical offices, International organizations working on transboundary water management, and other experts working on transboundary water cooperation, as well as International Water Assessment Center.
The opening words were given by Alistar Rieu-Clarke, legal advisor to UNECE and Professor at Northumbria Law School, who introduced the SDG indicator 6.5.2 and moderated the webinar.
Sarah Thiefenauer-Linardon, UNECE Environment Officer, and Aurelien Dumont, UNESCO IHP Representative, presented the results and key findings of the second SDG indicator 6.5 reporting cycle.
The reporting process on the achievement of a single indicator on transboundary cooperation 6.5.2 of the SDG “Proportion of transboundary basin area covered by existing agreements” has been conducted by UNECE and UNESCO since 2017, with UNECE being responsible for analyzing and calculating results for river and lake basins, and UNESCO for aquifers. Reporting is provided every three years. So the first pilot cycle took place in 2017, the second in 2020, and the third is planned for 2023. In 2020, 129 out of 153 countries submitted their national reports under the second reporting cycle. Of these, only 24 countries showed 100% achievement of the indicator, and 22 countries > 70% to <100%. Therefore, serious efforts are needed to accelerate progress through better funding, better data and information, capacity development, innovation and governance.
Analysis of the data showed that an immediate and comprehensive global response is needed to rapidly improve progress towards SDG 6 - “ensure accessibility and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all by 2030”. In 2020, the UN-Water-coordinated Framework Program was launched, which will bring together the support of the international community to countries in achieving SDG 6. Ms Alisa Aureli from UNESCO in her speech called the entire water community to join this program and invited to participate in other workshops that will take place this month.
The next four speakers - Gerta Lubonja (Albania), Carmen Cartagena (Honduras), Gerald Mundondwa (Zimbabwe), Christian Severin (Global Environmental Facility) – presented their country/organization’s perspective on how the monitoring on SDG indicator 6.5.2 can be used to focus efforts towards advancing transboundary water cooperation and the achievement of Target 6.5.
By the end of all presentations an interactive session of the webinar was held, at which participants discussed the main obstacles countries face to achieve SDG 6 indicators and what steps need to be taken to strengthen transboundary water cooperation by 2030. Most of the participants agreed that the main “barrier” for transboundary water cooperation is the lack of political will and trust between the countries. To enhance cooperation in a cross-border context, it is necessary to promote dialogue between different parties, invest in education and research, build trust and exchange of data and information.
Closing remarks were made by Alice Aureli, Chief of the Groundwater Systems and Settlements Section, UNESCO IHP Programme Coordinator, and Sonja Koeppel, Secretary of the Water Convention, UNECE. They highlighted the main points that have been mentioned during presentations and expressed their gratitude to all the participants of the webinar.
This webinar forms part of the series of webinars to launch SDG6 indicators reports in 2021 under the umbrella of UN-Water Integrated Monitoring Initiative for SDG 6 (IMI-SDG6).
Sustainable Development Goal 6 on water and sanitation (SDG 6) seeks to ensure safe drinking water and sanitation for all, focusing on the sustainable management of water resources, wastewater and ecosystems, and acknowledging the importance of an enabling environment. In the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, countries have committed to engage in systematic follow-up and review of progress towards the Goals and targets, using a set of global indicators.
The Fourth meeting of the Working group on Kazakhstan's chairmanship in the Bureau of the Convention on the protection and use of transboundary watercourses and international lakes was held on 6 September 2021 in Nur-Sultan and chaired by Vice-Minister of ecology, Geology and natural resources of the Republic of Kazakhstan Kozhaniyazov S. S.
At the meeting, the participants discussed organizational issues regarding the preparation of Kazakhstan's participation in the Ninth Session of the Meeting of the Parties to the Convention on the Protection and Use of Transboundary Watercourses and International Lakes, which will be held from September 29 to October 1, 2021 in Geneva, Switzerland.
As a result of the meeting, it was decided on the members of a delegation of Kazakhstan to participate in the Ninth Session, as well as on the candidacy from the Republic of Kazakhstan, to the Bureau of the Water Convention.
The meeting was held with the participation of interested state bodies of Kazakhstan in the mode of a video conference.
The Working Group serves as a permanent working body on the implementation of the chairmanship of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the Bureau of the Convention.
It was created by the order of the Ministry of Ecology, Geology and Natural Resources of the Republic of Kazakhstan No. 39 dated 28.01.2019.
The Working Group serves as a permanent working body on the implementation of the chairmanship of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the Bureau of the Convention.
The International Water Assessment Centre (IWAC) is responsible for the functions of the Secretariat.
Kazakhstan assumed the Chairmanship of the Bureau of the Convention at the Eighth session of the meeting of the Parties, which was held in Nur-Sultan from October 10-12, 2018 The Chair of the Bureau elected Zebeshev Ardak Amirkhanly, Deputy Chairman of the Investment Committee of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.